Manuscript received 23 November 2003; Accepted for publication 27 February 2004.
Comparison of Efficacy of Reverse Remodeling and Clinical Improvement for Relatively Narrow and Wide QRS Complexes After Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy for Heart Failure
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2004
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume 15, Issue 9, pages 1058–1065, September 2004
How to Cite
YU, C.-M., FUNG, J. W.-H., CHAN, C.-K., CHAN, Y.-S., ZHANG, Q., LIN, H., YIP, G. W.K., KUM, L. C.C., KONG, S.-L., ZHANG, Y. and SANDERSON, J. E. (2004), Comparison of Efficacy of Reverse Remodeling and Clinical Improvement for Relatively Narrow and Wide QRS Complexes After Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy for Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 15: 1058–1065. doi: 10.1046/j.1540-8167.2004.03648.x
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2004
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2004
- biventricular pacing;
- heart failure;
- Doppler echocardiography
Introduction: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been shown to reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and improve symptoms in heart failure patients with wide QRS complexes; however, its role in patients with mildly prolonged QRS complexes is unclear. This study investigated if CRT benefited patients with mildly prolonged QRS complexes >120 to 150 ms and explored if the severity of systolic asynchrony determined such a response.
Methods and Results: Fifty-eight patients (age 66 ± 11 years, 66% male) who had undergone CRT were studied prospectively. Of these patients, 27 had QRS duration between 120 and 150 ms (group A), and 31 had QRS duration >150 ms (group B). Tissue Doppler echocardiography and clinical assessment were performed at baseline and 3 months after CRT. Both groups had significant reduction of LV volume and increased ejection fraction, +dP/dt, and sphericity index (all P < 0.05). These improvements were greater in group B and were explained by the higher prevalence of systolic intraventricular asynchrony. Significant reverse remodeling (reduction of LV end-systolic volume >15%) was evident in 46% of group A patients and 68% of group B patients. Improvement in clinical endpoints was observed in both groups (all P < 0.01), although the changes in metabolic equivalent and New York Heart Association functional class were greater in group B. In both groups, systolic asynchrony index (TS-SD) was the most important predictor of reverse remodeling (r =−0.78, P < 0.001) and was the only independent predictor in the multivariate model (β=−1.80, confidence interval =−2.18 to −1.42, P < 0.001); QRS duration was not. A predefined TS-SD value >32.6 ms had a sensitivity of 94% and specificity of 83% to predict reverse remodeling. Improvement of intraventricular asynchrony after CRT was evident only in responders (P = 0.01).
Conclusion: Improvement of LV remodeling and clinical status is evident after CRT in heart failure patients with QRS duration >120 to 150 ms. These responders are closely predicted by the severity of prepacing intraventricular asynchrony but not QRS duration.