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Reentrant Ventricular Tachycardia Originating from the Aortic Sinus Cusp:

A Case Report

Authors


  • Manuscript received 19 December 2003; Revised manuscript received 29 February 2004; Accepted for publication 4 April 2004.

Address for correspondence: Takeshi Tsuchiya, M.D., Division of Cardiology, Hakuaikai Hospital, 4-3, Konya-ima machi, 860-0012 Japan. Fax: 81-96-326-5974; E-mail: tsuchiya@s1.kcn-tv.ne.jp

Abstract

We report a case of idiopathic reentrant ventricular tachycardia (VT) originating from the left aortic sinus cusp. A prepotential preceding the QRS complex by 58 ms was recorded from the posterior right ventricular (RV) outflow tract. During VT entrainment observed by pacing from the midseptal RV, it initially was orthodromically captured with a long conduction time but then antidromically captured as the pacing cycle rate was increased. Pacing at that site failed to show concealed entrainment despite a postpacing interval similar to the VT cycle length. Radiofrequency catheter ablation abolished the VT in the left aortic sinus cusp where a prepotential preceding the QRS complex by 78 ms with a postpacing interval similar to the VT cycle length was recorded in addition to concealed entrainment. The findings suggest that, in this VT, a critical slow conduction zone is partially present extending from the left aortic sinus cusp to the posterior right ventricular outflow tract. The patient has remained free from VT recurrence after 5-month follow-up.

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