SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Biosteres arisanus;
  • tephritid fruit fly parasitoid;
  • rearing biology;
  • demographic parameters

Abstract

Aspects of Biosteres arisanus (Sonan) (=Opius oophilus Fullaway) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) development on the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera (=Dacus) dorsalis (Hendel), were investigated to facilitate mass production in the insectary. Life table statistics were generated for cohorts of B. arisanus females. Overlap in the emergence of fruit flies and parasitoids necessitated a procedure for segregation, preferably before adult eclosion. Rate of parasitization by B. arisanus increased with host clutch size reaching a plateau at 20:1 host egg to female parasitoid ratio. Duration of the oviposition period influenced the level of host parasitization; host eggs were exposed to parasitoids for 24 h with minimal superparasitism. Females were highly productive within 3 weeks after emergence producing 40–70% females in the progeny. Adult males were shorter lived than females by ≈5 days. Based on a net reproductive rate (R0) of >16 daughters per female parent, a population increase of 10% was predicted each day. Handling procedures that could facilitate efficient production of parasitoids are discussed.