Contraception and pregnancy after liver transplantation
Article first published online: 30 DEC 2003
Copyright © 2001 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Supplement: Long-Term Management of the Liver Transplant Patient
Volume 7, Issue Supplement 11B, pages s74–s76, November 2001
How to Cite
Riely, C. A. (2001), Contraception and pregnancy after liver transplantation. Liver Transpl, 7: s74–s76. doi: 10.1053/jlts.2001.28644
- Issue published online: 30 DEC 2003
- Article first published online: 30 DEC 2003
- 1Libido returns promptly after liver transplantation; patients should be counseled on contraception and avoidance of sexually transmitted diseases.
- 2Women after liver transplantation are at increased risk for cancer and should have regularly scheduled screening for cervical and breast cancer.
- 3Immunosuppression during pregnancy is not teratogenic and does not lead to congenital anomalies.
- 4Pregnancy after liver transplantation is often successful, but must be regarded as high risk, associated with an increased risk for hypertension and preeclampsia, intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity. It is best delayed until 1 to 2 years after grafting.
- 5Close monitoring of immunosuppressant levels in the blood is crucial during pregnancy to avoid inappropriately low levels of immunosuppression.