Rapid and critical environmental changes are having a major impact on the survival and prosperity of organisations. Certain important issues have resulted in relation to people management. The discipline of industrial and organisational (I/O) psychology appears well placed to address the issues. In recent times, what has research in I/O psychology been addressing most frequently, and does the research deal with the issues stemming from the environmental changes? What topics has I/O psychology research been doing least, or rarely? What areas are important in the discipline? People-oriented disciplines other than I/O psychology also respond to such issues, especially human resource management (HRM). What are the trends in HRM, and how do they compare to the trends in I/O psychology? What lessons can be learned? In terms of practice, several issues and dilemmas arise for I/O psychologists with regard to the focus and relevance of their work. Where could I/O be going post-2000 to capitalise on its strengths and to be relevant to problems in contemporary environments?