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Keywords:

  • Ammonoids;
  • biostratigraphy;
  • chronostratigraphy;
  • Iberia;
  • Lusitanian Basin;
  • Middle Jurassic;
  • palaeobiogeography

The Cabo Mondego outcrops exposed along the cliffs, on the western margin of the Iberian Plate, show an expanded stratigraphic section of Lower Bathonian deposits containing abundant ammonoids. Upper Bajocian deposits correspond to similar facies, of muddy limestones alternating with marlstones, although ammonoids are scarce. A detailed succession of ammonites across the Bajocian/Bathonian boundary has been recognized at Cabo Mondego, which can form a useful bio- and chronostratigraphic standard for the Lusitanian Basin. The revision of previous collections from the classical section and new field samplings of two other separate sections allow the recognition through up to twenty metres of thickness, the highest zone of Bajocian (Parkinsoni Zone) and the lowest zone of Bathonian (Zigzag Zone). The Parkinsoni and the Zigzag zones established for NW European areas and belonging to the Northwest European Province, can be identified in the Lusitanian Basin, although the ammonite fossil assemblages are composed of Submediterranean taxa. However, a subdivision of the Parkinsoni Zone is not possible, due to the scarcity of well preserved ammonoids. The Zigzag Zone can be recognized and characterized as composed of two subunits (Parvum and Macrescens subzones) as represented in diverse European basins of the Submediterranean Province. Ammonite fossil assemblages of the Parvum Subzone may be grouped into two successive horizons, which are biochronostratigraphically equivalent to the subdivisions of the Convergens Subzone distinguished in the Digne-Barrême area (SE France). New biochronostratigraphic data on the Bigotitinae, youngest members of Leptosphinctinae and oldest members of Zigzagiceratinae are relevant in understanding the evolution and faunal turnover of the West Tethyan Perisphinctidae during earliest Bathonian. The ammonite succession at the Bajocian/Bathonian boundary in the Cabo Mondego region (Portugal) represents one of the most complete biostratigraphic records so far recognized on the Iberian Plate.