Poverty, family resources and children's early educational attainment: The mediating role of parenting


Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. E-mail: kk500@york.ac.uk


This study uses longitudinal data from the UK Millennium Cohort Study to show the extent to which episodic and more persistent poverty in early childhood and the lack of other family resources disadvantage children at the start of their school careers in terms of whether they have achieved the target indicator of ‘good level of achievement’ on the Foundation Stage Profile. Positive parenting is shown to be an important contributor to school achievement that matters for children, regardless of poverty experience or family disadvantage. It is also shown to be an important mediator in redressing the effects of poverty and disadvantage.