Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?
Article first published online: 29 MAY 2009
2007 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Drug and Alcohol Review
Volume 26, Issue 1, pages 17–23, January 2007
How to Cite
STAIGER, P. K., KAMBOUROPOULOS, N. and DAWE, S. (2007), Should personality traits be considered when refining substance misuse treatment programs?. Drug and Alcohol Review, 26: 17–23. doi: 10.1080/09595230601036952
- Issue published online: 29 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 29 MAY 2009
- Received 1 May 2006; accepted for publication 28 July 2006.
- anxiety disorder;
- personality disorder;
- substance misuse;
- treatment matching
The interplay between stable personality characteristics and environmental factors is emphasised in most contemporary approaches to individual differences. This interaction appears to be important in understanding the development of substance use and misuse. Impulsivity related personality traits such as sensation-seeking, novelty seeking, reward-sensitivity and behavioural disinhibition, are strongly linked to adolescent and adult substance use and misuse. The role of anxiety-related traits, in the development of substance misuse is less clear. Nonetheless, anxiety disorders are very common amongst adult substance misusers and almost certainly play a critical role in the maintenance of a substance use disorder and influence treatment effectiveness. The data suggest that personality influences treatment outcomes and yet these individual differences are generally not addressed in treatment. We argue in this review that interventions which are matched to these relevant personality traits may improve treatment outcomes for substance misusers.