Co-Morbidity of Smoking in Patients with Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
2005 American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
The American Journal on Addictions
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 106–123, March-April 2005
How to Cite
Kalman, D., Morissette, S. B. and George, T. P. (2005), Co-Morbidity of Smoking in Patients with Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders. The American Journal on Addictions, 14: 106–123. doi: 10.1080/10550490590924728
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2010
- Received July 17, 2004; revised August 5, 2004; accepted September 17, 2004.
This article reviews cigarette smoking in patients with psychiatric disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD). Rates of smoking are approximately 23% in the U.S. population but approximately twoto four-fold higher in patients with PD and SUD. Many remaining smokers have had repeated smoking cessation failures, possibly due to the presence of co-morbid PD and SUDs. There is modest, evidence-based support for effective treatment interventions for nicotine addiction in PD and SUD. Further research is needed to increase our understanding of nicotine addiction in PD and SUD and develop more effective treatment interventions.