Introduction. Unlike malignant liver tumours, the indications for hepatic resection for benign disease are not well defined. This is particularly true for focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). Here we summarize a single-centre experience of the diagnosis and management of FNH. Materials and methods. Using a prospectively collected database, a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients who were managed at our centre for FNH between January 1997 and December 2006 was performed. Results. The cohort was divided into two groups of patients: those who were managed surgically (n=15) and those managed conservatively (n=37). There was no correlation between tumour size and number of lesions with oral contraceptive use (p=0.07 and 0.90, respectively) and pregnancy (p=0.45 and 0.60, respectively). However, tumour size (p=0.006) and number of lesions (p=0.02) were associated with the occurrence of pain in these patients. Pain was the commonest symptom of patients (13/15) who were managed surgically. All patients underwent radiological imaging before diagnosis. The sensitivities of ultrasound, CT scanning and MRI scanning in characterizing these lesions were 30%, 70% and 87%, respectively. There were no postoperative deaths and three postoperative complications that were successfully managed non-operatively. With a median follow-up of 24 months in the surgically treated group, one patient has developed recurrent symptoms of pain. Conclusion. In this series, there was no mortality directly due to the surgical procedure and a modest morbidity, justifying surgical resections in selected patients.