• ATP-dependent helicase;
  • chromatin remodeling;
  • dosage compensation;
  • Drosophila;
  • histone acetylation

Dosage compensation in Drosophila is mediated by a multiprotein, RNA-containing complex that associates with the X chromosome at multiple sites. We have investigated the role that the enzymatic activities of two complex components, the histone acetyltransferase activity of MOF and the ATPase activity of MLE, may have in the targeting and association of the complex with the X chromosome. Here we report that MLE and MOF activities are necessary for complexes to access the various X chromosome sites. The role that histone H4 acetylation plays in this process is supported by our observations that MOF overexpression leads to the ectopic association of the complex with autosomal sites.