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Abstract

Patients with adductor type spasmodic dysphonia (SD) often exhibit both glottal and supraglottal hyperfunction. Based on the hypothesis that a “ventricular muscle” may contribute to the hyperfunction in these cases, eight patients with adductor type SD were treated with bilateral injection of botulinum toxin type A into the ventricular folds. Four weeks after injection, ventricular fold hyperfunction was absent in all cases. Number of voice breaks, standard deviation of fundamental frequency, and shimmer were significantly improved. Voice range profiles of the speaking voice were significantly extended in dynamic and frequency range. Side effects were a breathy phonation and mild swallowing difficulties without aspiration for about 1 week. Patients' self-rating concerning strangled and breathy voicing demonstrated an interval of acceptable voice quality between 1 week and 4 months after injection in all cases. Results suggest that supraglottal injection in patients with SD of both glottal and supraglottal hyperfunction, as a new approach, can normalize supraglottal activity and improve glottal voicing. Based on our experience with other patients with adductor type of SD, this injection technique is as efficient as injection into the thyroarytenoid muscle. Nevertheless, it remains to be proved that a pathologic ventricular muscle activity is addressed by this technique or if it is based on spreading to the thyroarytenoid muscle.