• 1
    Robbins KT. Neck metastasis. In: GatesGA, ed. Current Therapy in Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, edn 5. St. Louis: Mosby, 1994: 309315.
  • 2
    Johnson J. Cervical metastases. In: GluckmanJ, GullaneP, JohnsonJ, eds. Practical Approach to Head Neck Tumors. New York: Raven Press, 1994: 4763.
  • 3
    Crile G Sr. Excision of cancer of the head and neck with special reference to the plan of dissection based on 132 patients. JAMA 1906; 47:17801786.
  • 4
    Suarez O. El problema de las metastasis linfticas y alejadas del cancer de laringehipofaringe. Rev Otorrinolaringol (Santiago) 1963; 23:8389.
  • 5
    Bocca E, Pignataro O. A conservation technique in radical neck dissection. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1967; 76:975987.
  • 6
    Jesse RH, Ballantyne AJ, Larson D. Radical or modified neck dissection: a therapeutic dilemma. Am J Surg 1978; 136:516519.
  • 7
    Morton DL, Duan-Ren W, Wong JH, et al. Technical details of intraoperative lymphatic mapping for early stage melanoma. Arch Surg 1992; 127:392399.
  • 8
    Thompson JF, McCarthy WH, Bosch CMJ, et al. Sentinel lymph node status as an indicator of the presence of metastatic melanoma in regional lymph nodes. Melanoma Res 1995; 5:255260.
  • 9
    Albertini JJ, Cruse CW, Rapaport D, et al. Intraoperative radiolymphoscintigraphy improves sentinel lymph node identification for patients with melanoma. Ann Surg 1996; 223:217224.
  • 10
    Alex JC, Krag DN. Gamma-probe-guided localization of lymph nodes. Surg Oncol 1993; 2:137144.
  • 11
    Alex JC, Weaver DL, Fairbank JT, Rankin BS, Krag DN. Gamma-probe-guided lymph node localization in malignant melanoma. Surg Oncol 1993; 2:303308.
  • 12
    Alex JC, Krag DN, Harlow SP, et al. Localization of regional lymph nodes in melanomas of the head neck. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1998; 124:135140.
  • 13
    Alex JC, Krag DN. Gamma-probe-guided resection of radiolabeled primary lymph nodes. Surg Oncol Clin North Am 1996; 5:3341.
  • 14
    Means JH. Thyroid and Its Disease. edn 2. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott, 1948.
  • 15
    Cabanas R. An approach for the management of penile cancer. Cancer 1977; 39:456466.
  • 16
    Norman J, Cruse CW, Espinosa C, et al. Redefinition of cutaneous lymphatic drainage with the use of lymphoscintigraphy for malignant melanoma. Am J Surg 1991; 162:432437.
  • 17
    Woods JE, Freedman AM, Brown ML. Lymphoscintigraphy as a guide to treatment in malignant melanoma. Ann Plast Surg 1989; 22:150155.
  • 18
    Pitman KT, Johnson JT, Edington H, et al. Lymphatic mapping with isosulfan blue dye in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1998; 124:790793.