Measurement of Facial Muscle Strength in Normal Subjects

Authors

  • J. Gail Neely MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.
    • J. Gail Neely, MD, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Box 8115, St. Louis, MO 63110, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Rebecca G. Pomerantz

    1. Department of Science Scholar Research Institute, SOLUTIA and National Science Foundation, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Presented at the Meeting of the Middle Section of the Triological Society, Oklahoma City, OK, January 18–20, 2002.

  • Supported by the contributions of SOLUTIA and the National Science Foundation to the Science Scholar Research Institute, a summer research program for high school students administered by the University of Missouri at St. Louis with faculty derived from a consortium of the University of Missouri at St. Louis, Saint Louis University, and Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Abstract

Objectives Muscle strength is a fundamental measure of function for neuromuscular systems; however, mimetic facial muscle strength has never been recorded. The objective of the present feasibility project was to measure facial muscle strength.

Study Design The study design was a prospective experimental trial in 10 normal subjects. Descriptive statistics, t tests, and analysis of variance were used to summarize and compare data.

Methods Subjects were selected by convenience following submission and approval of a prospectively designed protocol and consent form to the Human Studies Committee. Application of a force transducer to the central eyebrow and commissure during eyebrow raising, eyelid closing, smiling, and puckering was performed by two methods: surface adhesion method (n = 5) and direct probe application method (n = 5). Data were recorded in pounds. Three repetitions of each movement were made.

Results Rank order of muscle strengths (in pounds) by the surface adhesion technique was as follows: brow, 0.758; eye, 0.549; pucker, 0.387; and smile, 0.307. By direct probe application the rank order of muscle strengths was as follows: eye, 0.880; brow, 0.773; and smile, 0.730.

Conclusions Objective measures of facial motion are crucial for quantitative investigations of preventative, therapeutic, reconstructive, and rehabilitative interventions for facial nerve and muscle lesions. Until the present, objective measures required cross-correlations with current standards that were subjective. This is the first time an actual physical measure of facial muscle function has been performed. The purpose of presenting this preliminary work is to stimulate advancement along this line of research.

Ancillary