Objectives: To evaluate the effects of mitomycin-C on the growth and autocrine growth factor production of human dermal fibroblasts from the face.
Study Design: In vitro study using normal adult dermal fibroblast cell lines in a serum-free model.
Methods: Cell cultures were exposed to 4 mg/mL, 0.4 mg/mL, 0.04 mg/mL, 0.004 mg/mL, and 0.0004 mg/mL concentrations of mitomycin-C solution. Cell counts were performed, and the cell-free supernatants were collected at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days after the initial exposure. Population doubling times were calculated and supernatants were quantitatively assayed for basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1.
Results: Continuous exposure to mitomycin-C caused fibroblast cell death by day 7 at all tested concentrations. A 4 minute exposure to mitomycin-C at 4 mg/mL caused rapid fibroblast cell death. A 4-minute exposure to mitomycin-C at either 0.4 mg/mL or 0.04 mg/mL resulted in decreased fibroblast proliferation. A 4 minute exposure to mitomycin-C at 0.4 mg/mL resulted in a marked increase in the production of both bFGF and TGF-β1.
Conclusions: A clinically ideal concentration of mitomycin-C would slow fibroblast proliferation yet not cause cell death to allow for a wound healing response. Mitomycin-C 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes satisfies the above criteria in vitro.