Long-Term Quality of Life After Total Laryngectomy and Postoperative Radiotherapy Versus Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Laryngeal Preservation

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the quality of life (QoL) of patients who underwent total laryngectomy with voice prosthesis insertion and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) with those receiving concurrent chemoradiation for laryngeal preservation.

Study Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional study in a tertiary academic center.

Methods: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires were used to assess long-term QoL in 67 patients treated for laryngeal cancer.

Results: The scores of functional scales for physical (P < .000), social (P = .001), and role functioning (P = .043) were more favorable in the chemoradiation group. The global QoL score was higher in the nonsurgical group (P = .016). Surgical patients reported on sleep disturbance (P < .000), dyspnea (P = .001), and pain (P = .003), with a higher scores and greater difficulties with the senses (P < .000), social contact (P = .002) and speech (P = .010). The chemoradiation group reported greater problems with dry mouth (P < .000) and sticky saliva (P = .005).

Conclusion: We found better long-term QoL scores in patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiation. This appears to be mainly because of better physical functioning, social functioning, and social contact and smaller problems with pain, respiration, speech, the senses, and sleep disturbances.

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