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Tracheotomy: Historical Review

Authors

  • Loring W. Pratt MD, FACS,

    1. From the Department of Otolaryngology Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
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  • Alfio Ferlito MD, FRCS, FACS,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Surgical Sciences ENT Clinic, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
    • Send correspondence to Alfio Ferlito, MD, FRCS, FACS, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Udine, Policlinico Universitario, Piazzale S. Maria della Misericordia, I-33100 Udine, Italy
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  • Alessandra Rinaldo MD, FACS

    1. Department of Surgical Sciences ENT Clinic, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
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  • Editor's Note: This Manuscript was accepted for publication April 1, 2008.

Abstract

The authors review the ancient history of tracheotomy and bring the subject up to date (2008) by including the modern history of this procedure. In the past 60 years, there have been many advances in the knowledge of respiratory function that have been utilized to expand applications of the tracheotomy procedure. Improvements in the care of tracheotomized patients and the application of modifications in the available variety of tubes and ancillary equipment and procedures have made this a much more effective and widely utilized way of caring for the pulmonary cripple as well as utilizing it in the classical fixed obstruction of the upper airway.

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