Chapter 12.4 Changes introduced in space-group symbols since 1935

Space-group symmetry

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 12. Space-group symbols and their use

  1. H. Burzlaff1,
  2. H. Zimmermann2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000527

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Burzlaff, H. and Zimmermann, H. 2006. Changes introduced in space-group symbols since 1935. International Tables for Crystallography. A:12:12.4:833–834.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universität Erlangen–Nürnberg, Robert-Koch-Strasse 4a, D-91080 Uttenreuth, Germany

  2. 2

    Institut für Angewandte Physik, Lehrstuhl für Kristallographie und Strukturphysik, Universität Erlangen–Nürnberg, Bismarckstrasse 10, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


The original Hermann–Mauguin symbols used in the first edition of International Tables in 1935 were changed considerably in the 1952 edition. Further changes were made in the 1983 and 1995 editions. The changes made since 1935 are described in this chapter.


  • Hermann–Mauguin symbols;
  • space-group symbols;
  • international space-group symbols;
  • glide planes;
  • generators