Chapter 4.2 Disorder diffuse scattering of X-rays and neutrons

Reciprocal space

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 4. Diffuse scattering and related topics

  1. H. Jagodzinski,
  2. F. Frey

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000564

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Jagodzinski, H. and Frey, F. 2006. Disorder diffuse scattering of X-rays and neutrons. International Tables for Crystallography. B:4:4.2:407–442.

Author Information

  1. Institut für Kristallographie und Mineralogie, Universität, Theresienstrasse 41, D-8000 München 2, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


The scope of this chapter is outlined in Section 4.2.1. The next section, Section 4.2.2, presents a summary of basic scattering theory containing general scattering formulae and formulae for cross sections. Section 4.2.3 discusses a general treatment of disorder diffuse scattering and describes the basic mathematics and general qualitative formulation of disorder. Occupational disorder, displacive disorder, domain disorder and lamellar disorder are discussed and guidelines for solving a disorder problem are given. Section 4.2.4 describes quantitative interpretation and covers quantitative solutions and methods for treating disorder problems in layered structures (one-dimensional stacking disorder), structures with chain-like elements (two-dimensional disorder), defect structures, short-range ordering, clustering, molecular crystals and orientational disorder. The last section, Section 4.2.5, describes experimental methods for measuring diffuse scattering.


  • diffuse scattering;
  • disorder;
  • X-ray scattering;
  • neutron scattering;
  • clustering;
  • defects;
  • local ordering;
  • orientational disorder;
  • short-range order;
  • lamellar domains;
  • density modulations;
  • displacement modulations