Chapter 8.6 The Rietveld method

Mathematical, physical and chemical tables

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 8. Refinement of structural parameters

  1. A. Albinati1,
  2. B. T. M. Willis2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000614

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Albinati, A. and Willis, B. T. M. 2006. The Rietveld method. International Tables for Crystallography. C:8:8.6:710–712.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Istituto Chimica Farmaceutica, Università di Milano, Viale Abruzzi 42, Milano 20131, Italy

  2. 2

    Chemical Crystallography Laboratory, University of Oxford, 9 Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PD, England

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


An overview of the Rietveld method of analysing powder diffraction data, in which the crystal structure is refined by fitting the entire profile of the diffraction pattern to a calculated profile, is provided. The basic theory of Rietveld refinement is described and some problems that may lead to failure of the method are discussed.


  • peak-shape function;
  • preferred orientation;
  • Rietveld method;
  • statistical validity;
  • thermal diffuse scattering