Chapter 9.3 Typical interatomic distances: metals and alloys

Mathematical, physical and chemical tables

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 9. Basic structural features

  1. J. L. C. Daams1,
  2. J. R. Rodgers2,
  3. P. Villars3

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000619

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Daams, J. L. C., Rodgers, J. R. and Villars, P. 2006. Typical interatomic distances: metals and alloys. International Tables for Crystallography. C:9:9.3:774–777.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Materials Analysis Department, Philips Research Laboratories, Prof. Holstaan 4, 5656 AA Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  2. 2

    National Research Council of Canada, Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, Ottawa, Canada K1A 0S2

  3. 3

    Intermetallic Phases Databank, Postal Box 1, CH-6354 Vitznau, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


Typical interatomic distances in metals and alloys are reviewed. Metallic, atomic and covalent radii are compared and a linear dependence between the interatomic distance and the mean metallic radii is shown. Much more information about the short-range atomic arrangement, and a deeper insight into the geometry within a structure type, is obtained by looking at the coordination polyhedra (atomic environments) instead of looking only at the interatomic distances. The 23 most frequently occurring atomic environment types are illustrated.


  • basic structural features;
  • interatomic distances;
  • metals