Chapter 2.3 Raman scattering

Physical properties of crystals

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 2. Symmetry aspects of excitations

  1. I. Gregora

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000640

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Gregora, I. 2006. Raman scattering. International Tables for Crystallography. D:2:2.3:314–328.

Author Information

  1. Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, CZ-18221 Prague 8, Czech Republic

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


Raman scattering is due to the inelastic scattering of photons by excitations in molecules, liquids or solids. This chapter deals specifically with the inelastic scattering of photons by lattice vibrations (phonons) in crystals, but the treatment is also applicable to other types of collective excitations in a crystal. The basic notions are introduced in the first section. First-order scattering by phonons is then described. A table summarizes the symmetry properties of Raman tensors in the 32 crystallographic classes. Further sections discuss morphic effects in Raman scattering, spatial-dispersion effects and higher-order scattering.


  • Raman activity;
  • Raman scattering;
  • Raman spectral line shape;
  • Raman tensor;
  • dispersion;
  • inelastic scattering;
  • longitudinal optic mode;
  • morphic effects;
  • optic modes;
  • phonon bands;
  • Raman scattering cross section;
  • selection rules;
  • susceptibility derivatives