Chapter 5.2 Guide to the use of the scanning tables

Subperiodic groups

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 5. Scanning of space groups

  1. V. Kopský1,
  2. D. B. Litvin2

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000652

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Kopský, V. and Litvin, D. B. 2006. Guide to the use of the scanning tables. International Tables for Crystallography. E:5:5.2:393–416.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Physics, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, and Institute of Physics, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, PO Box 24, 180 40 Prague 8, Czech Republic

  2. 2

    Department of Physics, Penn State Berks Campus, The Pennsylvania State University, PO Box 7009, Reading, PA 19610–6009, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006


This chapter forms a guide to the use of the scanning tables presented in Part 6. The basic concepts of scanning are discussed. The contents and arrangement of the scanning tables are then described and guidelines for individual systems are given. Some applications of the scanning tables (layer symmetries in crystal structures, interfaces in crystalline materials, and the symmetry of domain twins and domain walls) are also described.


  • crystallography;
  • subperiodic groups;
  • layer groups;
  • scanning tables;
  • scanning theorem;
  • domain twins;
  • domain walls;
  • domain pairs;
  • bicrystallography;
  • sectional layer groups