Chapter 9.2 Robotic crystal loading

Crystallography of biological macromolecules

Second Online Edition (2012)

Part 9. X-ray data collection

  1. T. Earnest,
  2. C. Cork

Published Online: 14 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000825

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Earnest, T. and Cork, C. 2012. Robotic crystal loading. International Tables for Crystallography. F:9:9.2:231–233.

Author Information

  1. Structural Proteomics Development Group, Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 APR 2012


The advantages and challenges of robotic crystal loading are discussed, and two approaches are described.


  • robotic crystal loading;
  • automation;
  • cryocrystallography