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Keywords:

  • grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD);
  • wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS);
  • thin films;
  • simulations;
  • fibre diffraction.

Computationally efficient simulations of grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) are discussed, with particular attention given to textured thin polycrystalline films on supporting substrates. A computer program has been developed for simulating scattering from thin films exhibiting varying degrees of preferred orientation. One emphasized common case is that of a `fibre' symmetry axis perpendicular to the sample plane, resulting from crystallites having one well defined crystal facet towards the substrate, but no preferred in-plane orientation. Peak splitting caused by additional scattering from the totally substrate-reflected beam (two-beam approximation) and refraction effects are also included in the program, together with the geometrical intensity corrections associated with GIXD measurements. To achieve `user friendliness' for scientists less familiar with diffraction, the mathematically simplest possible descriptions are sought whenever feasible. The practical use of the program is demonstrated for a selected thin-film example, perylene, which is of relevance for organic electronics.