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Keywords:

  • X-ray fluorescence;
  • macromolecular crystallography

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements on solutions or crystals of biological macromolecules provide additional information that can be used in structure determination and/or refinement protocols. Here details are presented of an experimental setup, employed on all the ESRF Macromolecular Crystallography Group beamlines, that allows the online collection and qualitative analysis of XRF spectra. This experimental setup uses a highly attenuated beam and short exposures, meaning it is minimally destructive but retains high sensitivity.