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Keywords:

  • grazing-incidence small-angle scattering;
  • GISANS;
  • GISAXS;
  • powder diffraction;
  • distorted-wave Born approximation;
  • thin films;
  • diblock copolymer

The powder-like orientation of lamellar domains in thin films of the diblock copolymer polystyrene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) is investigated using grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering (GISANS). Conventional monochromatic GISANS and GISAXS measurements are compared with neutron time-of-flight GISANS. For angles of incidence and exit larger than the critical angle of total external reflection of the polymer, Debye–Scherrer rings are observed. The position of the Debye–Scherrer rings is described quantitatively based on a reduced version of the distorted-wave Born approximation. A strong distortion of the ring shape is caused by refraction and reflections from the film interfaces. Close to the critical angle, the ring shape collapses into a banana shape.