• small-angle neutron scattering;
  • molecular dynamics simulation;
  • scattering from solutions;
  • solute–solvent interactions;
  • saturated monocarboxylic acids;
  • deuterated decalin

The problem of describing the experimental small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) from diluted solutions of saturated monocarboxylic acids with short chain lengths (myristic and stearic acids) in deuterated decalin is considered. The method of classical molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) is used to obtain the atomic number density distributions, and, as a consequence, the scattering length density (SLD) distribution in the solute–solvent interface area (about 1 nm around the acid molecules), assuming the acid molecules to be rigid and non-associated in the solutions. MDS is performed for solutions in a parallelepiped cell of 5.5 × 5.3 × 5.3 nm (one acid molecule per cell) under normal conditions. The time averaging of the obtained distributions is done over 2 ns (after the system thermalization). It is shown that a specific short-range ordering organization of the solvent molecules in the vicinity of the acid molecules has a significant effect on the scattering, which is mainly determined by a relatively large ratio between the effective size of the solvent molecule and the cross-section diameter of the acid molecule. Various approximations to the simulated SLD distributions, based on the cylinder-type symmetry of the acid molecules, are probed to achieve the best consistency with the experimental SANS curves by varying the residual incoherent background.