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Keywords:

  • Al3Zr phase;
  • high magnetic fields;
  • solidification;
  • macrostructure;
  • microstructure;
  • alloys

The effects of a high magnetic field on the precipitation behaviour of the primary Al3Zr phase are investigated. With and without the field, the primary Al3Zr crystals possess three morphologies – small tabular crystals in the deposit layer, long bars and dendritic crystals. The dendritic crystals are probably those surviving from the initial material. The tabular crystals in the deposit layer are those surviving from the heating stage, whereas the long bars are those formed during cooling. With the field, the tabular crystals in the deposit layer and the long bars tend to orient with the 〈110〉 direction parallel to the field direction, but the orientation of the dendritic crystals is less affected. The orientation of the crystals in the deposit layer arises from their magnetocrystalline anisotropy, but that of the long bars and dendritic crystals is disturbed by gravity and the formation of compound twins, respectively. Increased Zr content raises the precipitation amount of the primary Al3Zr crystals but weakens the alignment tendency of the tabular ones in the deposit layer. The weakness of the alignment arises from interaction between the crystals.