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Keywords:

  • potassium tungsten bronze;
  • nanomaterials;
  • order;
  • twinning

Non-stoichiometric hexagonal-based potassium tungsten bronze (KxWO3) nanosheets were synthesized by oxidizing tungsten foil in potassium hydroxide. The tungsten bronze nanosheets exhibited an ordered monoclinic superstructure as revealed by X-ray diffraction patterns. Further detailed structural investigation by employing electron microscopy techniques showed the coexistence of 120° rotation twinning variants in the superstructure phase, which may result from the rotation symmetry reduction induced by the ordered arrangements of K vacancies during crystal growth.