• model quality;
  • PDB;
  • validation;
  • refinement;

A crystallographic macromolecular model is typically characterized by a list of quality criteria, such as R factors, deviations from ideal stereochemistry and average B factors, which are usually provided as tables in publications or in structural databases. In order to facilitate a quick model-quality evaluation, a graphical representation is proposed. Each key parameter such as R factor or bond-length deviation from `ideal values' is shown graphically as a point on a `ruler'. These rulers are plotted as a set of lines with the same origin, forming a hub and spokes. Different parts of the rulers are coloured differently to reflect the frequency (red for a low frequency, blue for a high frequency) with which the corresponding values are observed in a reference set of structures determined previously. The points for a given model marked on these lines are connected to form a polygon. A polygon that is strongly compressed or dilated along some axes reveals unusually low or high values of the corresponding characteristics. Polygon vertices in `red zones' indicate parameters which lie outside typical values.