• fXS;
  • SAXS;
  • WAXS

A fluctuation X-ray scattering experiment has been carried out on platinum-coated gold nanoparticles randomly oriented on a substrate. A complete algorithm for determining the electron density of an individual particle from diffraction patterns of many particles randomly oriented about a single axis is demonstrated. This algorithm operates on angular correlations among the measured intensity distributions and recovers the angular correlation functions of a single particle from measured diffraction patterns. Taking advantage of the cylindrical symmetry of the nanoparticles, a cylindrical slice model is proposed to reconstruct the structure of the nanoparticles by fitting the experimental ring angular auto-correlation and small-angle scattering data obtained from many scattering patterns. The physical meaning of the refined structure is discussed in terms of their statistical distributions of the shape and electron density profile.