• X-ray absorption spectroscopy;
  • X-ray magnetic circular dichroism;
  • X-ray linear dichroism;
  • soft X-rays;
  • instrumentation

X-Treme is a soft X-ray beamline recently built in the Swiss Light Source at the Paul Scherrer Institut in collaboration with École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. The beamline is dedicated to polarization-dependent X-ray absorption spectroscopy at high magnetic fields and low temperature. The source is an elliptically polarizing undulator. The end-station has a superconducting 7 T–2 T vector magnet, with sample temperature down to 2 K and is equipped with an in situ sample preparation system for surface science. The beamline commissioning measurements, which show a resolving power of 8000 and a maximum flux at the sample of 4.7 × 1012 photons s−1, are presented. Scientific examples showing X-ray magnetic circular and X-ray magnetic linear dichroism measurements are also presented.