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Keywords:

  • ectoine hydroxylase;
  • Sphingopyxis alaskensis

The ectoine hydroxylase (EctD) is a member of the non-haem-containing iron(II)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase superfamily. Its mononuclear iron centre is a prerequisite for the activity of this enzyme and promotes the O2-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of 2-oxoglutarate, which is coupled to a two-electron oxidation of the substrate ectoine to yield 5-hydroxyectoine. An expression and purification protocol for the EctD enzyme from Sphingopyxis alaskensis was developed and the protein was crystallized using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method. This resulted in two different crystal forms, representing the apo and iron-bound forms of the enzyme.