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Keywords:

  • Darwin's dynamical theory;
  • X-ray diffraction;
  • lateral structures;
  • lateral crystals;
  • reciprocal-space maps

Darwin's dynamical theory of X-ray diffraction is extended to the case of lateral (i.e., having a finite length in the lateral direction) crystalline structures. This approach allows one to calculate rocking curves as well as reciprocal-space maps for lateral crystalline structures having a rectangular cross section. Numerical modelling is performed for these structures with different lateral sizes. It is shown that the kinematical approximation is valid for thick crystalline structures having a small length in the lateral direction.