Initial rates of ATP hydrolysis by the chaperonin containing TCP-1 (CCT) from bovine testis were measured as a function of ATP concentration. Two allosteric transitions are observed: one at relatively low concentrations of ATP (<100 μM) and the second at higher concentrations of ATP. The data suggest that CCT has positive intra-ring cooperativity and negative inter-ring cooperativity in ATP hydrolysis, with respect to ATP, as previously observed in the case of GroEL. It is shown that the relatively weak positive intra-ring cooperativity found in the case of CCT may be due to heterogeneity in its subunit composition. Our results suggest that nested allosteric behavior may be common to chaperone double-ring systems.