Welfare Magnets: Myth or Reality?
Article first published online: 23 JAN 2003
Blackwell Publishers 2000
Journal of Politics
Volume 62, Issue 2, pages 350–368, May 2000
How to Cite
Allard, S. W. and Danziger, S. (2000), Welfare Magnets: Myth or Reality?. Journal of Politics, 62: 350–368. doi: 10.1111/0022-3816.00016
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2003
- Article first published online: 23 JAN 2003
- Cited By
Since the passage of federal welfare reform in late 1996, 15 states have passed welfare residency requirements that restrict cash assistance to new migrants, an indication that welfare-induced migration concerns state policy-makers. Models of state welfare policy-making assume that states compete in a ‘race-to-the-bottom’ over the generosity of their welfare policies, where neighboring states continuously reduce benefit levels in reaction to one another. This paper analyzes longitudinal data on individual-level migration among single-parent families and estimates the extent to which these families make interstate moves to states with higher benefit levels. We find that relatively few single-parent households make interstate moves and that welfare benefits are not a significant determinant of them. We discuss the implications of these findings for models of state welfare policy-making.