This paper examines how a strategic subset of the European Union's political elite, senior career officials in the European Commission, conceive of relations between state and market in Europe. Traditional studies have assumed that contention in the European Union is primarily territorial, but recent research has identified a non-territorial, ideological cleavage. This paper uses questionnaire data with 105 officials to test hypotheses on territorial and non-territorial sources of variation in officials' views about European capitalism. It is found that a non-territorial factor, partisanship, profoundly structures top officials' beliefs. Partisan officials are receptive to the world of parties and national capitals outside the Commission, while non-partisans get cues from their position and history in the Commission.