The Psychology of Prejudice: Ingroup Love and Outgroup Hate?
Version of Record online: 17 DEC 2002
1999 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 55, Issue 3, pages 429–444, Fall 1999
How to Cite
Brewer, M. B. (1999), The Psychology of Prejudice: Ingroup Love and Outgroup Hate?. Journal of Social Issues, 55: 429–444. doi: 10.1111/0022-4537.00126
- Issue online: 17 DEC 2002
- Version of Record online: 17 DEC 2002
Allport (1954) recognized that attachment to one's ingroups does not necessarily require hostility toward outgroups. Yet the prevailing approach to the study of ethnocentrism, ingroup bias, and prejudice presumes that ingroup love and outgroup hate are reciprocally related. Findings from both cross-cultural research and laboratory experiments support the alternative view that ingroup identification is independent of negative attitudes toward outgroups and that much ingroup bias and intergroup discrimination is motivated by preferential treatment of ingroup members rather than direct hostility toward outgroup members. Thus to understand the roots of prejudice and discrimination requires first of all a better understanding of the functions that ingroup formation and identification serve for human beings. This article reviews research and theory on the motivations for maintenance of ingroup boundaries and the implications of ingroup boundary protection for intergroup relations, conflict, and conflict prevention.