The “peace and justice movement” has been an important chapter in the evolving character of overall peace organizing in the last several decades. Combining social justice concerns with antimilitarist sentiment, the peace and justice movement was particularly strong in the American South during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Leaders were found in a variety of community groups, statewide networks and clearinghouses, and religious organizations. This article explores the dimensions of the peace and justice movement and describes the activities of such groups as the Institute for Southern Studies, the Clergy and Laity Concerned, the Southeast Network on Human Needs and Peace, the Southern Organizing Committee for Economic and Social Justice, and the Gulf Coast Tenants Organization.