The Development of Charismatic Leaders



This paper explores the origins of leadership potential and motivation for leadership, primarily with regard to two types of leaders: personalized and socialized charismatic leaders. Bowlby's attachment theory (1969, 1973) provides a theoretical basis for determining an individual's potential to be in leadership positions. The “internal working model,” formed (according to Bowlby) in the course of attachment processes in infancy, has a considerable impact on self-perception, which may later affect the development of “ego resources” required for leadership. The motivation to be a leader is analyzed with the help of various psychodynamic concepts and models.