Pardoning Puritanism: Community, Character, and Forgiveness in the Work of Richard Baxter
Article first published online: 17 DEC 2002
2001 Journal of Religious Ethics, Inc.
Journal of Religious Ethics
Volume 29, Issue 2, pages 283–306, Summer 2001
How to Cite
Davis, J. C. (2001), Pardoning Puritanism: Community, Character, and Forgiveness in the Work of Richard Baxter. Journal of Religious Ethics, 29: 283–306. doi: 10.1111/0384-9694.00081
- Issue published online: 17 DEC 2002
- Article first published online: 17 DEC 2002
- Cited By
- Puritan ethics;
- Richard Baxter;
The English Puritan Richard Baxter (1615–1691) developed an account of forgiveness that resonates with twentieth-century virtue ethics. He understood forgiveness as one component of a larger disposition of character developed in community as human beings recognize themselves as sinful creatures engaged in complex relationships of dependency and responsibility, with both God and one another. In the midst of these relationships, persons experience divine and human forgiveness and discover opportunities to practice forgiveness in return. Baxter thus negotiated a distinctive relationship between Christian hope for reconciliation and more stereotypical Puritan emphases on punishment, civil order, and justice. At the same time that recent moral reflection allows us to raise questions about some features of Baxter's argument (such as his treatment of anger), his work provides important resources for correlating dispositions with concrete obligations, establishing a place for forgiveness in the public realm, and counterbalancing the modern emphasis on individual rights.