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Keywords:

  • Campylobacter jejuni;
  • electron microscopy;
  • motility;
  • polar structure

Abstract

Similarly to Helicobacter pylori but unlike Vibrio cholerae O1/O139, Campylobacter jejuni is non-motile at 20°C but highly motile at ≥37°C. The bacterium C. jejuni has one of the highest swimming speeds reported (>100 μm/s), especially at 42°C. Straight and spiral bacterial shapes share the same motility. C. jejuni has a unique structure in the flagellate polar region, which is characterized by a cup-like structure (beneath the inner membrane), a funnel shape (opening onto the polar surface) and less dense space (cytoplasm). Other Campylobacter species (coli, fetus, and lari) have similar motility and flagellate polar structures, albeit with slight differences. This is especially true for Campylobacter fetus, which has a flagellum only at one pole and a cup-like structure composed of two membranes.