Association between aggregative adherence fimbriae types including putative new variants and virulence-related genes and clump formation among aggR-positive Escherichia coli strains isolated in Thailand and Japan



This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 58, Issue 12, 701, Article first published online: 23 December 2014


Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) are an important cause of diarrhea. Four types of AAF have been identified; however, their prevalence and association with virulence properties remain unclear. E. coli strains carrying the aggR gene as EAggEC that were isolated in Japan and Thailand (n = 90) were examined for AAF subunit genes, two toxin genes (pet/astA), and clump formation. The most prevalent AAF gene was hdaA (28%), followed by aafA (20%), aggA (12%), and agg3A (4%), as well as a putative new AAF sequence (25.6%). Retention status of the toxin genes and intensities of clump formation appeared to vary according to the AAF type.