SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aitken, S.N., Yeaman, S., Holliday, J.A., Wang, T. & Curtis-McLane, S. (2008) Adaptation, migration or extirpation: climate change outcomes for tree populations. Evolutionary Applications, 1, 95111.
  • Anderson, M.J. (2001) A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecology, 26, 3246.
  • Andrade, J.L., Meinzer, F.C., Goldstein, G., Holbrook, N.M., Cavelier, J., Jackson, P. & Silvera, K. (1998) Regulation of water flux through trunks, branches, and leaves in trees of a lowland tropical forest. Oecologia, 115, 463471.
  • Bangert, R., Ferrier, S.M., Evans, L., Kennedy, K., Grady, K.C., Hersch-Green, E., Allan, G.J. & Whitham, T.G. (2012) The proportion of three foundation plant species and their genotypes influence an arthropod community: restoration implications for the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher. Restoration Ecology, doi: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2012.00910.x.
  • Bilton, M.C., Whitlock, R., Grime, J.P., Marion, G. & Pakeman, R.J. (2010) Intraspecific trait variation in grassland plant species reveals fine-scale strategy trade-offs and size differentiation that underpins performance in ecological communities. Botany, 88, 939952.
  • Burns, K.C. & Beaumont, S. (2009) Scale-dependent trait correlations in a temperate tree community. Austral Ecology, 34, 670677.
  • Chalcraft, D.R., Williams, J.W., Smith, M.D. & Willig, M.R. (2004) Scale dependence in the species-richness-productivity relationship: the role of species turnover. Ecology, 85, 27012708.
  • Chapin, F.S. (1980) The mineral nutrition of wild plants. Annual review of ecology and systematics, 11, 233260.
  • Chapin, F.S., Bloom, A.J., Field, C.B. & Waring, R.H. (1987) Plant responses to multiple environmental factors. BioScience, 37, 4957.
  • Conner, J.K. & Hartl, D.L. (2004) A Primer of Ecological Genetics. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • Cornwell, W.K. & Ackerly, D.D. (2009) Community assembly and shifts in plant trait distributions across an environmental gradient in coastal California. Ecological Monographs, 79, 109126.
  • Díaz, S., Hodgson, J.G., Thompson, K., Cabido, M., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Jalili, A., Montserrat-Martí, G., Grime, J.P., Zarrinkamar, F., Asri, Y., Band, S.R., Basconcelo, S., Castro-Díez, P., Funes, G., Hamzehee, B., Khoshnevi, M., Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., Pérez-Rontomé, M.C., Shirvany, F.A., Vendramini, F., Yazdani, S., Abbas-Azimi, R., Bogaard, A., Boustani, S., Charles, M., Dehghan, M., de Torres-Espuny, L., Falczuk, V., Guerrero-Campo, J., Hynd, A., Jones, G., Kowsary, E., Kazemi-Saeed, F., Maestro-Martínez, M., Romo-Díez, A., Shaw, S., Siavash, B., Villar-Salvador, P. & Zak, M.R. (2004) The plant traits that drive ecosystems: evidence from three continents. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15, 295304.
  • Follstad Shah, J.J., Dahm, C.N., Gloss, S.P. & Bernhardt, E.S. (2007) River and riparian restoration in the Southwest: results of the National River Restoration Science Synthesis Project. Restoration Ecology, 15, 550562.
  • Grady, K.C., Ferrier, S.M., Kolb, T.E., Hart, S.C., Allan, G.J. & Whitham, T.G. (2011) Genetic variation in productivity of foundation riparian species at the edge of their distribution: implications for restoration and assisted migration in a warming climate. Global Change Biology, 17, 37243725.
  • Grubb, P. (1998) A reassessment of the strategies of plants which cope with shortages of resources. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 1, 331.
  • Horton, J.L., Kolb, T.E. & Hart, S.C. (2001) Leaf gas exchange characteristics differ among Sonoran Desert riparian tree species. Tree Physiology, 21, 233241.
  • Howe, G.T., Aitken, S.N., Neale, D.B., Jermstad, K.D., Wheeler, N.C. & Chen, T.H. (2003) From genotype to phenotype: unraveling the complexities of cold adaptation in forest trees. Botany, 81, 12471266.
  • Hulme, P.E. (2005) Adapting to climate change: is there scope for ecological management in the face of a global threat? Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 784794.
  • James, J.J., Tiller, R.L. & Richards, J.H. (2005) Multiple resources limit plant growth and function in a saline-alkaline desert community. Journal of Ecology, 93, 113126.
  • Karl, T.R., Melillo, J.R. & Peterson, T.C. (eds) (2009) Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. University Press, Cambridge.
  • Keller, S.R., Soolanayakanahally, R.Y., Guy, R.D., Silim, S.N., Olson, M.S. & Tiffin, P. (2011) Climate-driven local adaptation of ecophysiology and phenology in balsam poplar, Populus balsamifera L. (Salicaceae). American Journal of Botany, 98, 99108.
  • Knops, J.M.H., Koenig, W.D. & Carmen, W.J. (2007) Negative correlation does not imply a tradeoff between growth and reproduction in California oaks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 1698216985.
  • Kolb, T.E., Hart, S.C. & Amundson, R. (1997) Boxelder water sources and physiology at perennial and ephemeral stream sites in Arizona. Tree Physiology, 17, 151160.
  • Lambers, H., Chapin, F.S. & Pons, T.L. (2008) Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer, New York.
  • Ledig, F.T. & Kitzmiller, J.H. (1992) Genetic strategies for reforestation in the face of global climate change. Forest Ecology and Management, 50, 153169.
  • Little, E.L. (1971) Atlas of United States Trees, volume 1, Conifers and Important Hardwoods. U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication 1146, 9 p., 200 maps.
  • Lojewski, N.R., Fischer, D.G., Bailey, J.K., Schweitzer, J.A., Whitham, T.G. & Hart, S.C. (2009) Genetic basis of aboveground productivity in two native Populus species and their hybrids. Tree physiology, 29, 11331142.
  • Lower Colorado River Multi-Species Conservation Program (LCR MSCP). (2010) Palo Verde Ecological Reserve Annual Report 2008. Bureau of Reclamation, Lower Colorado Region, Boulder City, NV.
  • Lynch, M. & Walsh, B. (1998) Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • McKay, J.K., Christian, C.E., Harrison, S. & Rice, K.J. (2005) “How local is local?” – A review of practical and conceptual issues in the genetics of restoration. Restoration Ecology, 13, 432440.
  • Meinzer, F.C., McCulloh, K.A., Lachenbruch, B., Woodruff, D.R. & Johnson, D.M. (2010) The blind men and the elephant: the impact of context and scale in evaluating conflicts between plant hydraulic safety and efficiency. Oecologia, 164, 287296.
  • Mimura, M. & Aitken, S.N. (2007) Adaptive gradients and isolation-by-distance with postglacial migration in Picea sitchensis. Heredity, 99, 224232.
  • O'Brien, E.K., Mazanec, R.A. & Krauss, S.L. (2007) Provenance variation of ecologically important traits of forest trees: implications for restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44, 583593.
  • O'Neill, G.A., Hamann, A. & Wang, T. (2008) Accounting for population variation improves estimates of the impact of climate change on species' growth and distribution. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 10401049.
  • Pellis, A., Laureysens, I. & Ceulemans, R. (2004) Growth and production of a short rotation coppice culture of poplar I. Clonal differences in leaf characteristics in relation to biomass production. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, 919.
  • Poorter, L. & Bongers, F. (2006) Leaf traits are good predictors of plant performance across 53 rain forest species. Ecology, 87, 17331743.
  • Poorter, H. & Remkes, C. (1990) Leaf area ratio and net assimilation rate of 24 wild species differing in relative growth rate. Oecologia, 83, 553559.
  • PRISM Climate Group. (2010) Oregon State University. http://www.prismclimate.org
  • R Development Core Team. (2010) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org.
  • Rehfeldt, G.E., Ying, C.C., Spittlehouse, D.L. & Hamilton, D.A. Jr (1999) Genetic responses to climate in Pinus contorta: niche breadth, climate change, and reforestation. Ecological Monographs, 69, 375407.
  • Rehfeldt, G.E., Tchebakova, N.M., Milyutin, L.I., Parfenova, E.I., Wykoff, W.R. & Kouzmina, N.A. (2003) Assessing population responses to climate in Pinus sylvestris and Larix spp. of Eurasia with climate transfer models. Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 6, 8398.
  • Reich, P.B. & Oleksyn, J. (2004) Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 1100111006.
  • Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B. & Ellsworth, D.S. (1992) Leaf life-span in relation to leaf, plant, and stand characteristics among diverse ecosystems. Ecological Monographs, 62, 365392.
  • Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B. & Ellsworth, D.S. (1997) From tropics to tundra: global convergence in plant functioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94, 1373013734.
  • Rohde, A., Storme, V., Jorge, V., Gaudet, M., Vitacolonna, N., Fabbrini, F., Ruttink, T., Zaina, G., Marron, N., Dillen, S., Steenackers, M., Sabatti, M., Morgante, M., Boerjan, W. & Bastien, C. (2011) Bud set in poplar – genetic dissection of a complex trait in natural and hybrid populations. New Phytologist, 189, 106121.
  • Satake, A. & Bjørnstad, O.N. (2007) A resource budget model to explain intraspecific variation in mast reproductive dynamics. Ecological Research, 23, 310.
  • Savolainen, O., Pyhäjärvi, T. & Knürr, T. (2007) Gene flow and local adaptation in trees. The Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 38, 595619.
  • Seiwa, K. & Kikuzawa, K. (2010) Close relationship between leaf life span and seedling relative growth rate in temperate hardwood species. Ecological Research, 26, 173180.
  • Shaw, R.G. (1987) Maximum-likelihood approaches applied to quantitative genetics of natural populations. Evolution, 41, 812826.
  • Shipley, B. (1995) Structured interspecific determinants of specific leaf area in 34 species of herbaceous angiosperms. Functional Ecology, 9, 312319.
  • Souch, C.A. & Stephens, W. (1998) Growth, productivity and water use in three hybrid poplar clones. Tree Physiology, 18, 829835.
  • St Clair, J. & Howe, G. (2007) Genetic maladaptation of coastal Douglas-fir seedlings to future climates. Global Change Biology, 13, 14411454.
  • United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA NRCS). (2010) Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) Database for Arizona and California. http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov.
  • Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC). (2010) http://www.wrcc.dri.edu
  • Westoby, M. (1998) A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme. Plant and Soil, 199, 213227.
  • Whitehead, D., Edwards, W.R.N. & Jarvis, P.G. (1984) Conducting sapwood area, foliage area, and permeability in mature trees of Picea sitchensis and Pinus contorta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 14, 940947.
  • Whitehead, D. & Jarvis, P.G. (1981) Coniferous forests and plantations. Water Deficits and Plant Growth (ed. T.T. Kozlowski), pp. 49152. Academic Press, New York, NY.
  • Whitham, T.G., Bailey, J.K., Schweitzer, J.A., Shuster, S.M., Bangert, R.K., LeRoy, C.J., Lonsdorf, E., Allan, G.J., DiFazio, S.P., Potts, B.M., Fischer, D.G., Gehring, C.A., Lindroth, R.L., Marks, J.C., Hart, S.C., Wimp, G.M. & Wooley, S.C. (2006) A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes to ecosystems. Nature Reviews Genetics, 7, 510523.
  • Williams, D.G., Scott, R.L., Huxman, T.E., Goodrich, D.C. & Lin, G. (2006) Sensitivity of riparian ecosystems in arid and semiarid environments to moisture pulses. Hydrological Processes, 20, 31953205.
  • WorldClim Global Climate Data (WorldClim). (2011) University of California, Berkeley. http://www.worldclim.org
  • Wright, I.J., Reich, P.B., Westoby, M., Ackerly, D.D., Baruch, Z., Bongers, F., Cavender-Bares, J., Chapin, T., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Diemer, M., Flexas, J., Garnier, E., Groom, P.K., Gulias, J., Hikosaka, K., Lamont, B.B., Lee, T., Lee, W., Lusk, C., Midgley, J.J., Navas, M., Niinemets, Ü., Oleksyn, J., Osada, N., Poorter, H., Poot, P., Prior, L., Pyankov, V.I., Roumet, C., Thomas, S.C., Tjoelker, M.G., Veneklaas, E.J. & Villar, R. (2004) The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature, 428, 821827.