Plant pathogens structure arthropod communities across multiple spatial and temporal scales

Authors

  • Ayco J. M. Tack,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    • Metapopulation Research Group, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
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  • Marcel Dicke

    1. Metapopulation Research Group, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    2. Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Correspondence author. E-mail: ayco.tack@helsinki.fi

Summary

  1. Plant pathogens and herbivores frequently co-occur on the same host plants. Despite this, little is known about the impact of their interactions on the structure of plant-based ecological communities.
  2. Here, we synthesize evidence that indicates that plant pathogens may profoundly impact arthropod performance, preference, population dynamics and community structure across multiple spatial and temporal scales.
  3. Intriguingly, the effects of plant–pathogen–herbivore interactions frequently cascade up and down multiple trophic levels and explain variation in the arthropod community at spatial scales ranging from patterns within single host plants to entire landscapes.
  4. This review indicates that knowledge on pathogen–herbivore interactions may be crucial for understanding the dynamics of terrestrial communities.

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