SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aldous, A., Fitzsimons, J., Richter, B. & Bach, L. (2011) Droughts, floods and freshwater ecosystems: evaluating climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies. Marine & Freshwater Research, 62, 223231.
  • Balme, G.A., Slotow, R.O.B. & Hunter, L.T.B. (2010) Edge effects and the impact of non-protected areas in carnivore conservation: leopards in the Phinda–Mkhuze Complex, South Africa. Animal Conservation, 13, 315323.
  • Balme, G.A., Slotow, R.O.B. & Hunter, L.T.B. (2009) Impact of conservation interventions on the dynamics and persistence of a persecuted leopard (Panthera pardus) population. Biological Conservation, 142, 26812690.
  • Bartlam-Brooks, H.L.A., Bonyongo, M.C. & Harris, S. (2011) Will reconnecting ecosystems allow long-distance mammal migrations to resume? A case study of a zebra Equus burchelli migration in Botswana. Oryx, 45, 210216.
  • Bélisle, M. & St. Clair, C.C. (2001) Cumulative effects of barriers on the movements of forest birds. Conservation Ecology, 5, 9. URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss2/art9/.
  • Berger, K.M., Gese, E.M. & Berger, J. (2008) Indirect effects and traditional trophic cascades: a test involving wolves, coyotes, and pronghorn. Ecology, 89, 818828.
  • Beyer, H.L. (2004) Hawth's Analysis Tools for ArcGIS. Available at http://www.spatialecology.com/htools.
  • Blanco, J.C., Cortés, Y. & Virgós, E. (2005) Wolf response to two kinds of barriers in an agricultural habitat in Spain. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83, 312323.
  • Clevenger, A.P. & Waltho, N. (2000) Factors influencing the effectiveness of wildlife underpasses in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. Conservation Biology, 14, 4756.
  • Cozzi, G., Müller, C. & Krauss, J. (2008) How do local habitat management and landscape structure at different spatial scales affect fritillary butterfly distribution on fragmented wetlands? Landscape Ecology, 23, 269283.
  • Crooks, K.R. & Soule, M.E. (1999) Mesopredator release and avifaunal extinctions in a fragmented system. Nature, 400, 563566.
  • Didham, R.K., Ghazoul, J., Stork, N.E. & Davis, A.J. (1996) Insects in fragmented forests: a functional approach. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 11, 255260.
  • Dodd, N.L., Gagnon, J.W., Boe, S. & Schweinsburg, R.E. (2007) Assessment of elk highway permeability by using global positioning system telemetry. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 11071117.
  • Fahrig, L. & Rytwinski, T. (2009) Effects of roads on animal abundance: an empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society, 14, 21, http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art21/.
  • Frantz, A.C., Bertouille, S., Eloy, M.C., Licoppe, A., Chaumont, F. & Flamand, M.C. (2012) Comparative landscape genetic analyses show a Belgian motorway to be a gene flow barrier for red deer (Cervus elaphus), but not wild boars (Sus scrofa). Molecular Ecology, 21, 34453457.
  • Funston, P.J. (2001) Kalahari Transfrontier Lion Project: Final Report. Endangered Wildlife Trust, Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Groves, C.R., Game, E.T., Anderson, M.G., Cross, M., Enquist, C., Ferdaña, Z., Girvetz, E., Gondor, A., Hall, K.R., Higgins, J., Marshall, R., Popper, K., Schill, S. & Shafer, S.L. (2012) Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning. Biodiveristy and Conservation, 21, 16511671.
  • Gusset, M., Swarner, M.J., Mponwane, L., Keletile, K. & McNutt, J.W. (2009) Human–wildlife conflict in northern Botswana: livestock predation by Endangered African wild dog Lycaon pictus and other carnivores. Oryx, 43, 6772.
  • Hannah, L. (2010) A global conservation system for climatic-change adaptation. Conservation Biology, 24, 7077.
  • Hayward, M.W. & Kerley, G.I.H. (2008) Prey preferences and dietary overlap amongst Africa's large predators. South African Journal of Wildife Research, 38, 93108.
  • Hemson, G. (2003) The ecology and conservation of Lions: human-wildlife conflict in semi-arid Botswana. PhD Thesis, University of Oxford, Oxford.
  • Kaczensky, P., Kuehn, R., Lhagvasuren, B., Pietsch, S., Yang, W. & Walzer, C. (2011) Connectivity of the Asiatic wild ass population in the Mongolian Gobi. Biological Conservation, 144, 920929.
  • Kerth, G. & Melber, M. (2009) Species-specific barrier effects of a motorway on the habitat use of two threatened forest-living bat species. Biological Conservation, 142, 270279.
  • Kock, M., Meltzer, D. & Burroughs, R. (2006) Chemical and Physical Restraint of Wild Animals: A Training and Field Manual for African Species. International Wildlife Veterinary Services, Johannesburg.
  • Lagendijk, D.D.G., Mackey, R.L., Page, B.R. & Slotow, R.O.B. (2011) The effects of Herbivory by a mega- and mesoherbivore on tree recruitment in sand forest, South Africa. PLoS ONE, 6: e17983. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017983
  • Legendre, P. (1993) Spatial autocorrelation: trouble or new paradigm? Ecology, 74, 16591673.
  • Marker-Kraus, L. (1996) Cheetah Survival on Namibian Farmlands. Cheetah Conservation Fund, Windhoek.
  • Mbaiwa, J.E. & Mbaiwa, O.I. (2006) The effects of veterinary fences on wildlife populations in Okavango Delta, Botswana. International Journal of Wilderness, 12, 1724.
  • McDonald, R.W. & St. Clair, C.C. (2004) The effects of artificial and natural barriers on the movement of small mammals in Banff National Park, Canada. Oikos, 105, 397407.
  • van der Meer, E., Moyo, M., Rasmussen, G.S.A. & Fritz, H. (2011) An empirical and experimental test of risk and costs of kleptoparasitism for African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) inside and outside a protected area. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 22, 985992.
  • Mills, M.G.L. & Gorman, M.L. (1997) Factors affecting the density and distribution of wild dogs in the Kruger National Park. Conservation Biology, 11, 13971406.
  • Morales, J.M., Moorcroft, P.R., Matthiopoulus, J., Frair, J.L., Kie, J.G., Powell, R.A., Merrill, E.H. & Haydon, D.T. (2010) Building the bridge between animal movements and population dynamics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 22892301.
  • Osofsky, S.A., McNutt, J.W. & Hirsch, J.K. (1996) Immobilization and monitoring of free-ranging Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) using a Ketamine/Xylazine/Atropine combination, Yohimbine reversal and pulse oximetry. Journal of Zoological Wildlife Medicine, 27, 528532.
  • Shepard, D.B., Kuhns, A.R., Dreslik, M.J. & Phillips, C.A. (2008) Roads as barriers to animal movement in fragmented landscapes. Animal Conservation, 11, 288296.
  • Slotow, R.O.B. (2012) Fencing for purpose: a case study of elephants in South Africa. Fencing for Conservation: Restriction of Evolutionary Potential or a Riposte to Threatening Processes? (eds M. Somers & M.W. Hayward), pp. 91104. Springer, New York.
  • St. Clair, C.C. (2003) Comparative permeability of roads, rivers, and meadows to songbirds in Banff National Park. Conservation Biology, 17, 11511160.
  • Stander, P.E. (1990) A suggested management strategy for stock-raiding lions in Namibia. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 20, 3743.
  • Tracey, J.A., Zhu, J., Boydston, E., Lyren, L., Fisher, R.N. & Crooks, K.R. (2013) Mapping behavioral landscapes for animal movement: a finite mixture modelling approach. Ecology, doi: 10.1890/12-0687.1.
  • Trombulak, S.C. & Frissell, C.A. (2000) Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology, 14, 1830.
  • Vanak, A.T., Thaker, M. & Slotow, R.O.B. (2010) Do fences create an edge-effect on the movement patterns of a highly mobile mega-herbivore? Biological Conservation, 143, 26312637.
  • Vercauteren, K.C., Lavelle, M.J. & Hygnstrom, S. (2006) Fences and deer-damage management: a review of designs and efficacy. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34, 191200.
  • Wiens, J.A., Crawford, C.S. & Gosz, J.R. (1985) Boundary dynamics: a conceptual framework for studying landscape ecosystems. Oikos, 45, 421427.
  • Willems, E.P. & Hill, R.A. (2009) Predator-specific landscapes of fear and resource distribution: effects on spatial range use. Ecology, 90, 546555.
  • Zeller, K.A., McGarigal, K. & Whiteley, A.R. (2012) Estimating landscape resistance to movement: a review. Landscape Ecology, 27, 777797.
  • Zuur, A.F., Ieno, E.N., Walker, N.J., Saveliev, A.A. & Smith, G.M. (2009) Mixed Effects Models and Extensions in Ecology with R. Springer, New York, USA.