SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • ACIA. (2005) Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Alerstam, T., Hedenström, A. & Åkesson, S. (2003) Long-distance migration: evolution and determinants. Oikos, 103, 247260.
  • Allison, P.D. (1999) Logistic regression using the SAS system: theory and application. SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina.
  • Baker, J.D., Antonelis, G.A., Fowler, C.W. & York, A.E. (1995) Natal site fidelity in northern fur seals, Callorhinus ursinus. Animal Behaviour, 50, 237247.
  • Bensch, S. & Hasselquist, D. (1991) Territory infidelity in the polygynous great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus the effect of variation in territory attractiveness. Journal of Animal Ecology, 60, 857871.
  • Berthold, P. (1991) Recent advances in studies of bird migration. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 22, 357378.
  • Both, C., Bouwhuis, S., Lessells, C.M. & Visser, M.E. (2006) Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird. Nature, 441, 8183.
  • Bradshaw, C.J.A., Hindell, M.A., Summer, M.D. & Michael, K.J. (2004) Loyalty pays: potential life history consequences of fidelity to marine foraging regions by southern elephant seals. Animal Behaviour, 68, 13491360.
  • Bronson, F.H. (2009) Climate change and seasonal reproduction in mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 364, 33313340.
  • Brown, C.R., Brown, M.B. & Brazeal, K.R. (2008) Familiarity with breeding habitat improves daily survival in colonial cliff swallows. Animal Behaviour, 76, 12011210.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. 2nd Edition. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA.
  • Cotté, C., Taupier-Letage, I., Mate, B. & Petiau, E. (2009) Scale-dependent habitat use by a large free-ranging predator, the Mediterranean fin whale. Deep-Sea Research Part 1 Oceanographic Research Papers, 56, 80811.
  • Dawson, A. (2008) Control of the annual cycle in birds: endocrine constraints and plasticity in response to ecological variability. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society B, 363, 16211633.
  • Derocher, A.E., Andriashek, D. & Arnould, J.P.Y. (1993) Aspects of milk composition and lactation in polar bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 71, 561567.
  • Derocher, A.E., Lunn, N.J. & Stirling, I. (2004) Polar bears in a warming climate. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 44, 163176.
  • Derocher, A.E. & Stirling, I. (1990) Distribution of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) during the ice-free period in western Hudson-Bay. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68, 13951403.
  • Derocher, A.E. & Stirling, I. (1995) Temporal variation in reproduction and body mass of polar bears in western Hudson Bay. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73, 16571665.
  • Deutsch, C., Reid, J., Bonde, R., Easton, D., Kochman, H. & O'Shea, T. (2003) Seasonal movements, migratory behavior, and site fidelity of West Indian manatees along the Atlantic coast of the United States. Wildlife Monographs, 151, 177.
  • Dingle, H. & Drake, V. (2007) What is migration? BioScience, 57, 113121.
  • Durner, G.M., Douglas, D.C., Nielson, R.M., Amstrup, S.C., McDonald, T.L., Stirling, I., Mauritzen, M., Born, E.W., Wiig, Ø., DeWeaver, E., Serreze, M.C., Belikov, S.E., Holland, M.M., Maslanik, J., Aars, J., Bailey, D.A. & Derocher, A.E. (2009) Predicting 21st-century polar bear habitat distribution from global climate models. Ecological Monographs, 79, 2558.
  • Ferguson, S.H., Taylor, M.K. & Messier, F. (2000) Influence of sea ice dynamics on habitat selection by polar bears. Ecology, 81, 761772.
  • Ficke, A., Myrick, C. & Hansen, L. (2007) Potential impacts of global climate change on freshwater fisheries. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 17, 581613.
  • Fryxell, J.M. & Sinclair, A.R.E. (1988) Causes and consequences of migration of large herbivores. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 237241.
  • Gagnon, A.S. & Gough, W.A. (2005a) Trends in the dates of ice freeze-up and break-up over Hudson Bay, Canada. Arctic, 58, 370382.
  • Gagnon, A.S. & Gough, W.A. (2005b) Climate change scenarios for the Hudson Bay region: an intermodel comparison. Climate Change, 69, 269297.
  • Ganter, B. & Cooke, F. (1998) Colonial nesters in a deteriorating habitat: site fidelity and colony dynamics of lesser snow geese. The Auk, 115, 642652.
  • Gough, W.A. & Allakhverdova, T. (1999) Limitations of using a course resolution model to assess the impact of climate change on sea ice in Hudson Bay. The Canadian Geographer, 43, 415422.
  • Gough, W.A., Cornwall, A.R. & Tsuji, L.J.S. (2004) Trends in seasonal sea ice duration in southwestern Hudson Bay. Arctic, 57, 299305.
  • Greenwood, P.J. (1980) Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals. Animal Behaviour, 28, 11401162.
  • Greenwood, P.J. & Harvey, P.H. (1982) The natal and breeding dispersal of birds. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 13, 121.
  • Gwinner, E. (1996) Circadian and circannual programmes in avian migration. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 199, 3948.
  • Harris, G., Thirgood, S., Hopcraft, J., Cromsigt, J. & Berger, J. (2009) Global decline in aggregated migrations of large terrestrial mammals. Endangered Species Research, 7, 5576.
  • Hobson, K.A., Stirling, I. & Andriashek, D.S. (2009) Isotopic homogeneity of breath CO2 from fasting and berry-eating polar bears: implications for tracing reliance on terrestrial foods in a changing Arctic. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 87, 5055.
  • Hochheim, K.P. & Barber, D.G. (2010) Atmospheric forcing of sea ice in Hudson Bay during the fall period, 1980–2005. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C05009.
  • Holland, M.M., Bitz, C.M. & Tremblay, B. (2006) Future abrupt reductions in the summer Arctic sea ice. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L23503.
  • Joly, S., Senneville, S., Caya, D. & Saucier, F.J. (2010) Sensitivity of Hudson Bay sea ice and ocean climate to atmospheric temperature forcing. Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-009-0731-4.
  • Jonker, R.M., Eichhorn, G., van Langevelde, F. & Bauer, S. (2010) Predation danger can explain changes in timing of migration: the case of the barnacle goose. PLoS ONE, 5, e11369.
  • Jorgensen, S.J., Reeb, C.A., Chapple, T.K., Anderson, S., Perle, C., Van Sommeran, S.R., Fritz-Cope, C., Brown, A.C., Klimley, A.P. & Block, B.A. (2009) Philopatry and migration of Pacific white sharks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277, 679688.
  • Knippertz, P., Ulbrich, U. & Speth, P. (2000) Changing cyclones and surface wind speeds over the North Atlantic and Europe in a transient GHG experiment. Climate Research, 15, 109122.
  • Laidre, K.L. & Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. (2005) Arctic sea ice trends and narwhal vulnerability. Biological Conservation, 121, 509517.
  • Laidre, K.L., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Logsdon, M.L., Hobbs, R.C., Dietz, R. & VanBlaricom, G.R. (2004) Fractal analysis of narwhale space use patterns. Zoology, 107, 311.
  • Laidre, K.L., Stirling, I., Lowry, L.F., Wiig, Ø., Heide-Jorgensen, M.P. & Ferguson, S.H. (2008) Quantifying the sensitivity of Arctic marine mammals to climate-induced habitat change. Ecological Applications, 18, S97S125.
  • Latour, P.B. (1981) Spatial relationships and behavior of polar bears (Ursus maritimus Phipps) concentrated on land during the ice-free season of Hudson Bay. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 59, 17631774.
  • Lunn, N.J. & Stirling, I. (1985) The significance of supplemental food to polar bears during the ice-free period of Hudson Bay. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 63, 22912297.
  • Lunn, N.J., Stirling, I. & Andriashek, D. (2004) Selection of maternity dens by female polar bears in western Hudson Bay, Canada and the effects of human disturbance. Polar Biology, 27, 350356.
  • Mansfield, K.L., Saba, V.S., Keinath, J.A. & Musick, J.A. (2009) Satellite tracking reveals a dichotomy in migration strategies among juvenile loggerhead turtles in the Northwest Atlantic. Marine Biology, 156, 25552570.
  • Marra, P.P., Francis, C.M., Mulvihill, R.S. & Moore, F.R. (2005) The influence of climate on the timing and rate of spring bird migration. Oecologia, 142, 307315.
  • Matthews, K.R. & Haiganoush, H.K. (2010) Site fidelity of the declining amphibian Rana sierrae (Sierra Nevada yellow-legged frog). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67, 243255.
  • Mauritzen, M., Belikov, S.E., Boltunov, A.N., Derocher, A.E., Hansen, E., Ims, R.A., Wiig, Ø. & Yoccoz, N. (2003) Functional responses in polar bear habitat selection. Oikos, 100, 112124.
  • Milligan, S.R., Holt, W.V. & Lloyd, R. (2009) Impacts of climate change and environmental factors on reproduction and development in wildlife. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364, 33133319.
  • Moline, M.A., Karnovsky, N.J., Brown, Z., Divoky, G.J., Frazer, T.K., Jacoby, C.A., Torres, J.J. & Fraser, W.R. (2008) High latitude changes in ice dynamics and their impact on polar marine ecosystems. Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology 2008,, 113, 267319.
  • Molnár, P.K., Derocher, A.E., Thiemann, G.W. & Lewis, M.A. (2010) Predicting survival, reproduction, and abundance of polar bears under climate change. Biological Conservation, 143, 16121622.
  • Molnár, P.K., Derocher, A.E., Klanjscek, T. & Lewis, M.A. (2011) Predicting climate change impacts on polar bear litter size. Nature Communications, 2, 186.
  • Mueller, T., Olson, K.A., Fuller, T.K., Schaller, G.B., Murray, M.G. & Leimgruber, P. (2008) In search of forage: predicting dynamic habitats of Mongolian gazelles using satellite-based estimates of vegetation productivity. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 649658.
  • Mysak, L.A., Ingram, R.G., Wang, J. & Van Der Baaren, A. (1996) The anomalous sea-ice extent in Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay and the Labrador Sea during three simultaneous NAO and ENSO episodes. Atmosphere-Ocean, 34, 313343.
  • PBSG (2006) Polar Bears: proceedings of the 14th Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, 20–24 June 2005, Seattle, Washington, USA.(eds J. Aars, N.J. Lunnand & A.E. Derocher), pp. 101116. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Peron, G., Lebreton, J.D. & Crochet, P.A. (2010) Breeding dispersal in black-headed gull: the value of familiarity in a contrasted environment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 317326.
  • Post, E. & Forchhammer, M.C. (2002) Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature, 420, 168171.
  • Post, E. & Forchhammer, M.C. (2008) Climate change reduces reproductive success of an Arctic herbivore through trophic mismatch. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 363, 23692375.
  • Ramsay, M.A. & Hobson, K.A. (1991) Polar bears make little use of terrestrial food webs – evidence from stable-carbon isotope analysis. Oecologia, 86, 598600.
  • Ramsay, M.A. & Stirling, I. (1988) Reproductive biology and ecology of female polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Journal of Zoology, 214, 601634.
  • Rasmussen, K., Palacios, D.M., Calambokidis, J., Saborio, M.T., Dalla Rosa, L., Secchi, E.R., Steiger, G.H., Allen, J.M. & Stone, G.S. (2007) Southern Hemisphere humpback whales wintering off Central America: insights from water temperature into the longest mammalian migration. Biology Letters, 3, 302305.
  • Regehr, E.V., Lunn, N.J., Amstrup, S.C. & Stirling, I. (2007) Population decline of polar bears in western Hudson Bay in relation to climate change. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 26732683.
  • Robinson, R.A., Crick, H.Q., Learmonth, J.A., Maclean, I.M.D., Thomas, C.D., Bairlein, F., Forchhammer, M.C., Francis, C.M., Gill, J.A., Godley, B.J., Harwood, J., Hays, G.C., Huntley, B., Hutson, A.M., Pierce, G.J., Rehfisch, M.M., Sims, D.W., Vieira dos Santos, M.C., Sparks, T.H., Stroud, D. & Visser, M.E. (2008) Travelling through a warming world: climate change and migratory species. Endangered Species Research, 7, 8799.
  • Rojas-Martínez, A., Valiente-Banuet, A., Arizmendi, M.C., Alcántara-Eguren, A. & Arita, H.T. (1999) Seasonal distribution of the long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris curasoae) in North America: does a generalized migration pattern really exist? Journal of Biogeography, 26, 10651077.
  • Rosenzweig, C., Karoly, D., Vicarelli, M., Neofotis, P., Wu, Q., Casassa, G., Menzel, A., Root, T.L., Estrella, N., Seguin, B., Tryjanowski, P., Liu, C., Rawlins, S. & Imeson, A. (2008) Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change. Nature, 453, 353358.
  • Sabine, D.L., Morrison, S.F., Whitlaw, H.A., Ballard, W.B., Forbes, G.J. & Bowman, J. (2002) Migration behavior of white-tailed deer under varying winter climate regimes in New Brunswick. Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, 718728.
  • Saino, N., Rubolini, D., Lehikoinen, E., Sokolov, L.V., Bonisoli-Alquatil, A., Ambrosini, R., Giuseppe, B. & Moller, A. (2009) Climate change effects on migration phenology may mismatch brood parasitic cuckoos and their hosts. Biology Letters, 5, 593541.
  • Saucier, F.J., Senneville, S., Prinsenberg, S., Roy, F., Smith, G., Gachon, P., Caya, D. & Laprise, R. (2004) Modelling the sea ice-ocean seasonal cycle in Hudson Bay, Foxe Basin, and Hudson Strait, Canada. Climate Dynamics, 23, 303326.
  • Schliebe, S., Rode, K.D., Gleason, J.S., Wilder, J., Proffitt, K., Evans, T.J. & Miller, S. (2008) Effects of sea ice extent and food availability on spatial and temporal distribution of polar bears during the fall open-water period in the southern Beaufort Sea. Polar Biology, 31, 9991010.
  • Scott, J.B.T. & Marshall, G.J. (2010) A step-change in the date of sea-ice breakup in western Hudson Bay. Arctic, 63, 155164.
  • Sims, D.W., Wearmouth, V.J., Genner, M.J., Southward, A. & Hawkins, S.J. (2004) Low-temperature-driven early spawning migration of a temperate marine fish. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 333341.
  • Singh, N.J. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2011) Conserving a moving target: planning protection for a migratory species as its distribution changes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 3546.
  • Smith, P.A., Elliott, K.H., Gaston, A.J. & Gilchrist, H.G. (2010) Has early ice clearance increased predation on breeding birds by polar bears? Polar Biology, 33, 11491153.
  • Srygley, R.B., Dudley, R., Oliveira, E.G., Aizprua, R., Pelaez, N.Z. & Riveros, A.J. (2010) El Niño and dry season rainfall influence hostplant phenology and an annual butterfly migration from neotropical wet to dry forests. Global Change Biology, 16, 936945.
  • Stefanescu, C., Peñuelas, J. & Filella, I. (2003) Effects of climatic change on the phenology of butterflies in the northwest Mediterranean Basin. Global Change Biology, 9, 14941506.
  • Stempniewicz, L. (2006) Polar bear predatory behaviour toward molting barnacle geese and nesting glaucous gulls on Spitzbergen. Arctic, 59, 247251.
  • Stillman, R.A. & Goss-Custard, J.D. (2010) Individual based ecology of coastline birds. Biological Reviews, 85, 413434.
  • Stirling, I. & Derocher, A.E. (1993) Possible impacts of climatic warming on polar bears. Arctic, 46, 240245.
  • Stirling, I., Lunn, N.J. & Iacozza, J. (1999) Long-term trends in the population ecology of polar bears in Western Hudson Bay in relation to climatic change. Arctic, 52, 294306.
  • Stirling, I. & Parkinson, C.L. (2006) Possible effects of climate warming on selected populations of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in the Canadian Arctic. Arctic, 59, 261275.
  • Stirling, I., Spencer, C. & Andriashek, D. (1989) Immobilization of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) with Telazol in the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 25, 159168.
  • Stirling, I., Lunn, N.J., Iacozza, J., Elliott, C. & Obbard, M. (2004) Polar bear distribution and abundance on the southwestern Hudson Bay coast during open water season, in relation to population trends and annual ice patterns. Arctic, 57, 1526.
  • Swanson, D.L. & Palmer, J.S. (2009) Spring migration phenology of birds in the Northern Prairie region is correlated with local climate change. Journal of Field Ornithology, 80, 351363.
  • Switzer, P.V. (1993) Site fidelity in predictable and unpredictable habitats. Evolutionary Ecology, 7, 533555.
  • Towns, L., Derocher, A.E., Stirling, I., Lunn, N.J. & Hedman, D. (2009) Spatial and temporal patterns of problem polar bears in Churchill, Manitoba. Polar Biology, 32, 15291537.
  • Tynan, C.T. & DeMaster, D.P. (1997) Observations and predictions of arctic climatic change: potential effects on marine mammals. Arctic, 50, 308322.
  • Vibe, C. (1967) Arctic animals in relation to climatic fluctuations. Meddelelser om Grønland, 170, 1226.
  • Walther, G.R., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fromentin, J.M., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. & Bairlein, F. (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389395.
  • Wang, J., Mysak, L.A. & Ingram, R.G. (1994) A numerical simulation of sea ice cover in Hudson Bay. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 25152533.
  • Wang, J., Wu, B., Tang, C.L., Walsh, J.E. & Ikeda, M. (2004) Seesaw structure of subsurface temperature anomalies between the Barents Sea and the Labrador Sea. Geophysysical Research Letters, 31, L19301.
  • Zhang, X. & Walsh, J.E. (2006) Toward a seasonally ice-covered Arctic Ocean: scenarios from the IPCC AR4 model simulations. Journal of Climate, 19, 17301747.