SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Basille, M., Fortin, D., Dussault, C., Ouellet, J.-P. & Courtois, R. (2013) Ecologically based definition of seasons clarifies predator-prey interactions. Ecography, 36, 220229.
  • Bastille-Rousseau, G., Fortin, D. & Dussault, C. (2010) Inference from habitat selection analysis depends on foraging strategies. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 11571163.
  • Bolker, B.M., Brooks, M.E., Clark, C.J., Geange, S.W., Poulsen, J.R., Stevens, M.H.H. & White, J.-S.S. (2009) Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 127135.
  • Boyce, M.S., Vernier, P.R., Nielsen, S.E. & Schmiegelow, F.K.A. (2002) Evaluating resource selection functions. Ecological Modelling, 157, 281300.
  • Boyce, M.S., Mao, J.S., Merrill, E.H., Fortin, D., Turner, M.G., Fryxell, J. & Turchin, P. (2003) Scale and heterogeneity in habitat selection by elk in Yellowstone National Park. Ecoscience, 10, 421431.
  • Brown, J.S., Laundré, J.W. & Gurung, M. (1999) The ecology of fear: optimal foraging, game theory, and trophic interactions. Journal of Mammalogy, 80, 385399.
  • Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S.G. & Aiken, L.S. (2003) Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences, 3rd edn. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, USA.
  • Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) (2002) Canadian Species at Risk. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), Ottawa, ON, Canada.
  • Courbin, N., Fortin, D., Dussault, C. & Courtois, R. (2009) Landscape management for woodland caribou: the protection of forest blocks influences wolf-caribou co-occurrence. Landscape Ecology, 24, 13751388.
  • Courtois, R., Ouellet, J.P. & Gagné, B. (1998) Characteristics of cutovers used by moose (Alces alces) in early winter. Alces, 34, 210211.
  • Creel, S., Winnie, J. Jr, Maxwell, B., Hamlin, K. & Creel, M. (2005) Elk alter habitat selection as an antipredator response to wolves. Ecology, 86, 33873397.
  • Dupuch, A., Dill, L.M. & Magnan, P. (2009) Testing the effects of resource distribution and inherent habitat riskiness on simultaneous habitat selection by predators and prey. Animal Behaviour, 78, 705713.
  • Dussault, C., Ouellet, J.-P., Courtois, R., Huot, J., Breton, L. & Jolicoeur, H. (2005a) Linking moose habitat selection to limiting factors. Ecography, 28, 619628.
  • Dussault, C., Courtois, R., Ouellet, J.-P. & Girard, I. (2005b) Space use of moose in relation to food availability. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83, 14311437.
  • Eriksen, A., Wabakken, P., Zimmermann, B., Andreassen, H.P., Arnemo, J.M., Gundersen, H., Milner, J.M., Liberg, O., Linnell, J., Pedersen, H.C., Sand, H., Solberg, E.J. & Storaas, T. (2009) Encounter frequencies between GPS-collared wolves (Canis lupus) and moose (Alces alces) in a Scandinavian wolf territory. Ecological Research, 24, 547557.
  • Fortin, D. & Fortin, M.-E. (2009) Group-size-dependent association between food profitability, predation risk and distribution of free-ranging bison. Animal Behaviour, 78, 887892.
  • Fortin, D., Beyer, H.L., Boyce, M.S., Smith, D.W., Duchesne, T. & Mao, J.S. (2005) Wolves influence elk movements: behavior shapes a trophic cascade in Yellowstone National Park. Ecology, 86, 13201330.
  • Fortin, D., Courtois, R., Etcheverry, P., Dussault, C. & Gingras, A. (2008) Winter habitat selection of landscapes by woodland caribou: behavioural response to geographical gradients in habitat attributes. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 13921400.
  • Gilliam, J.F. & Fraser, D.F. (1987) Habitat selection under predation hazard: test of a model with foraging minnows. Ecology, 68, 18561862.
  • Gillies, C.S., Hebblewhite, M., Nielsen, S.E., Krawchuk, M.A., Aldridge, C.L., Frair, J.L., Saher, D.J., Stevens, C.E. & Jerde, C.L. (2006) Application of random effects to the study of resource selection by animals. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 887898.
  • Gingras, A., Audy, A. & Courtois, R. (1989) Inventaire aérien de l'orignal dans la zone de chasse 19 à l'hiver 1987-1988. Ministère du Loisir, de la Chasse et de la Pêche. Direction de la gestion des espèces et de ses habitats, Québec, QC, Canada.
  • Hammond, J.I., Luttbeg, B. & Sih, A. (2007) Predator and prey space use: dragonflies and tadpoles in an interactive game. Ecology, 88, 15251535.
  • Hebblewhite, M. & Merrill, E.H. (2008) Modelling wildlife-human relationships for social species with mixed-effects resource selection models. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 834844.
  • Hodson, J.K., Fortin, D. & Bélanger, L. (2010) Fine-scale disturbances shape space use patterns of a boreal forest herbivore. Journal of Mammalogy, 91, 607619.
  • James, A.R.C., Boutin, S., Hebert, D.M. & Rippin, A.B. (2004) Spatial separation of caribou from moose and its relation to predation by wolves. Journal of Wildlife Management, 68, 799809.
  • Johnson, D.H. (1980) The comparison of usage and availability measurements for evaluating resource preference. Ecology, 61, 6571.
  • Koper, N. & Manseau, M. (2009) Generalized estimating equations and generalized linear mixed-effects models for modelling resource selection. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 590599.
  • Labbé, M.-C. (2012) Jeu prédateur-proie entre le caribou forestier et le loup gris: un effet saute-mouton spatialement structuré. Masters thesis, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
  • Laroche, R.K., Kock, A.A., Dill, L.M. & Oosthuizen, W.H. (2008) Running the gauntlet: a predator-prey game between sharks and two age classes of seals. Animal Behaviour, 76, 19011917.
  • Laundré, J.W. (2010) Behavioral response races, predator-prey shell games, ecology of fear, and patch use of pumas and their ungulate prey. Ecology, 91, 29953007.
  • Lima, S.L. (2002) Putting predators back into behavioral predator–prey interactions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 17, 7075.
  • Lima, S.L. & Dill, L.M. (1990) Behavioural decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and synthesis. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68, 619640.
  • Manly, B.F.J., McDonald, L.L., Thomas, D.L., McDonald, T.L. & Erickson, W.P. (2002) Resource Selection by Animals, Statistical Design and Analysis for Field Studies, 2nd edn. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Mao, J.S., Boyce, M.S., Smith, D.W., Singer, F.J., Vales, D.J., Vore, J.M. & Merrill, E.H. (2005) Habitat selection by elk before and after wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Wildlife Management, 69, 16911707.
  • Mech, L.D. & Boitani, L. (2003) Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
  • Messier, F. (1994) Ungulate population models with predation: a case study with North American moose. Ecology, 75, 478488.
  • Mitchell, W.A. & Lima, S.L. (2002) Predator-prey shell games: large-scale movement and its implications for decision-making by prey. Oikos, 99, 249259.
  • Muhly, T.B., Semeniuk, C., Massolo, A., Hickman, L. & Musiani, M. (2011) Human activity helps prey win the predator-prey space race. PLoS One, 6, e17050.
  • Rettie, W.J. & Messier, F. (2000) Hierarchical habitat selection by woodland caribou: its relationship to limiting factors. Ecography, 23, 466478.
  • Rosenheim, J.A. (2004) Top predators constraint the habitat selection games played by intermediate predators and their prey. Israel Journal of Zoology, 50, 129138.
  • SAS Institute. (2008) SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements, Version 9.2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
  • Schmitz, O.J. (2005) Behavior of predators and prey and links with population-level processes. Ecology of Predator-prey Interactions (eds P. Barbosa & I. Castellanos), pp. 256278. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Seip, D.R. (1992) Factors limiting woodland caribou populations and their interrelationships with wolves and moose in southeastern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70, 14941503.
  • Sih, A. (1998) Game theory and predator–prey response races. Game Theory and Animal Behavior (eds L.A. Dugatkin & H.K. Reeve), pp. 221238. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Sih, A. (2005) Predator–prey space use as an emergent outcome of a behavioral response race. Ecology of Predator-prey Interactions (eds P. Barbosa & I. Castellanos), pp. 240255. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Sih, A., Englund, G. & Wooster, D. (1998) Emergent impacts of multiple predators on prey. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 350355.
  • Valeix, M., Loveridge, A.J., Chamaillé-James, S., Davidson, Z., Murindagomo, F., Fritz, H. & MacDonald, D.W. (2009) Behavioral adjustments of African herbivores to predation risk by lions: spatiotemporal variations influence habitat use. Ecology, 90, 2330.
  • Wittmer, H.U., Sinclair, A.R.E. & McLellan, B.N. (2005) The role of predation in the decline and extirpation of woodland caribou. Oecologia, 114, 257267.