Special Feature – Forum Plant–Soil Feedbacks in a Changing World
Biotic plant–soil feedbacks across temporal scales
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Ecology © 2013 British Ecological Society
Journal of Ecology
Volume 101, Issue 2, pages 309–315, March 2013
How to Cite
Kardol, P., De Deyn, G. B., Laliberté, E., Mariotte, P., Hawkes, C. V. (2013), Biotic plant–soil feedbacks across temporal scales. Journal of Ecology, 101: 309–315. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12046
- Issue published online: 22 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 22 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 26 JUL 2012
- Australian Research Council. Grant Number: DE120100352
- life history;
- plant traits;
- population and community dynamics;
- primary and secondary succession;
- soil legacy
Plant effects on soil biota can result in feedbacks affecting plant performance, with consequences for plant community and ecosystem dynamics on short and long time-scales. In addition, the strength and direction of plant–soil feedbacks depend on temporal shifts in abiotic environmental conditions.
We synthesize current knowledge on temporal aspects of plant–soil feedbacks and present new ideas to better understand and predict the effects of plant–soil feedbacks on community and ecosystem properties across temporal scales.
Explaining short-term temporal feedback dynamics requires us to better understand mechanistic linkages between plants, soil organisms and locally available resources. On the other hand, we need to refine our understanding of the context-dependency of plant–soil feedbacks, as the strength and direction of feedback interactions are influenced by ‘external’ temporal ecosystem dynamics, such as variation in soil resource availability after disturbance or during succession.
Synthesis. Based on our synthesis of temporal aspects of plant–soil feedbacks, we suggest three main avenues for future research: (i) how plant–soil feedbacks changes with ontogeny, (ii) how plant and soil organism traits drive temporal variation in plant–soil feedbacks and (iii) how environmental changes across temporal scales alter the strength and direction of plant–soil feedbacks.